From Mound to Cave: The Delzian Plain as an Economic Landscape (Iraqi Kurdistan)

Research project T2_3

The Delzian Plain is a fertile agricultural area in the Zagros Mountains (Iraqi Kurdistan). It is part of the Fertile Crescent, where humankind’s first transition to sedentary lifestyles, animal husbandry and plant production took place. Later, earliest cities, states and the first empires emerged in the wider region, with the Delzian as an important junction of all kinds of cultural contact: Developments on the Delzian Plain enable us to study paradigmatically the long-term effects of the emergence of social inequality.
The joint project with Tobias Helms (Near Eastern Archaeology, Mainz University) focusses on the evolution of the landscape as driven by social inequality. Fieldwork concentrates on two sites: 1) Girda Dasht, the principal settlement of the Delzian Plain where the main agricultural production took place  and 2) the Ashkawta Rash cave, which not only controlled a main access to the Delzian Plain but it also opened up the mountain sphere for seasonal husbandry and transhumance.
The excavations will establish a first typo-stratigraphical sequence. Ethno-archaeological work will recognize economic practices that took place within particular parts of the landscape. The project also critically observes the role of archaeology in the current process of Kurdish nation building.

Collaborators:
Kaifi Mustafa Ali (General Director of the General Directorate of Antiquities Erbil), Prof. Kamal Kolo (Soran Univ.), Abdulwahab Suleiman (Soran Directorate of Antiquities), Dr. Vitali Bartash, PD Dr. Jörg Becker, Dr. Claudia Beuger (Univ. Halle-Wittenberg), Dr. Kevan Edinborough (Univ. Canberra), Femke Grops (Univ. Mainz), Dr. Jutta Lechterbeck (Univ. Stavanger), Prof. Ben Krause-Kyora (CAU Kiel), Prof. Cheryl Makarewicz (CAU Kiel), Sepideh Maziar (Univ. Frankfurt), Dr. Max D. Price (MIT Boston), Dr. Torsten Rünger (Univ. Bonn), Prof. Winfried Schenk (Univ. Bonn), Dr. Philipp Serba (Univ. Frankfurt), Dr. Daniel Schyle (Neanderthal Museum Mettmann), Dr. Alexander Tamm (Univ. Erlangen), Dr. Michael Würz (Univ. Frankfurt a. M.), Dr. Dlshad A. M. Zamua (Univ. Sulaimaniyya).

ROOTS of InequalitiesGirda Dasht. The mound with fortifications above a large suburbium. First soundings and surface material prove occupation from the Neolithic until the Ottoman period (photo: Tim Kerig).

ROOTS of Inequalities
Ashkawta Rash cave. In a first campaign, architectural elements as well as hundreds of occupations could be documented (photo: Benny Waszk).

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Project by Tim Kerig tkerig@roots.uni-kiel.de

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