Biweekly Colloquia Archive

Biweekly Colloquium: The chalcolithic >mega site< of Valencina de la Concepcíon (Seville): New investigations in the Northern Sector (Thomas Schuhmacher)

Jun 28, 2021 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

Virtual

CRC 1266/ROOTS Biweekly Colloquium: 

"The chalcolithic >mega site< of Valencina de la Concepcíon (Seville): New investigations in the Northern Sector" (Thomas Schuhmacher, DAI)

Schuhmacher

Abstract

The ›mega-site‹ of Valencina de la Concepción extends throughout the northeast limit of the Aljarafe Plateau, 6 km to the West of modern-day Seville in the South of Spain. It consists of a huge necropolis area with several monumental tombs and a settlement area which covers an area of about 200 hectares. In the margin of a project financed by the DFG the German Archaeological Institute investigates the Northern sector of this ›mega-site‹ by means of geophysical surveys, excavations and scientific studies. The geomagnetic survey of a surface of more than 19 ha. revealed a concentric system of at least five ditched enclosures and one smaller rectangular one, as well as a large amount of pits, semi-circular huts excavated in the ground, as well as possible hypogea.
For the first time we have also been able to sequence the infill of almost all chalcolithic ditches by means of manual drillings. During the excavations carried out in the municipal plot of Cerro de la Cabeza a dense sequence of chalcolithic pits, semi-excavated huts and workshops have been documented and first stratigraphic cuts through some of the ditches have been undertaken.
The chrono-typological definition of the ceramics, as well as a series of 14C dates obtained by AMS begin to reveal the sequence of the settlement. Beginning in the late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic (end of the 4th millennium BC) it experiments its peak occupation during the Middle Chalcolithic (first half of the 3rd millennium BC). During its transition to the Late Chalcolithic (mid 3rd millennium BC) there seems to be a reduction in the size of the settlement, seeming to become even more reduced during the Bell-Baker phase. At about 2200 BC the excavation of ditches as well as the settlement itself suddenly ends. We also present some evidence that seems to indicate a short and not very intense re-occupation of the Cerro de la Cabeza area during the later Early Bronze Age (beginning of the 2nd millennium BC).

For more information and the videoconference link, please contact the CRC1266 at office@sfb1266.uni-kiel.de or the ROOTS office at office@roots.uni-kiel.de

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Biweekly Colloquium: Motherhood and environment in Bronze Age Central Europe (Katharina Rebay-Salisbury)

Jun 14, 2021 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual

CRC 1266/ROOTS Biweekly Colloquium: 

"Motherhood and environment in Bronze Age Central Europe" (Katharina Rebay-Salisbury, Austrian Academy of Science)

Rebay-Salisbury
Burial of a 12-14 year-old girl from Franzhausen I, c. 2000 BC © Bundesdenkmalamt Wien

Abstract:

Motherhood includes a range of cultural choices and practices in addition to the biological framework of sexual reproduction, which are subject to research within the ERC-Starting Grant funded project ‘The value of mothers to society’. This presentation will present the latest findings from new analytical approaches such as tracing the stress of pregnancies and childbirth in female skeletons, applying organic residue analysis to understand what prehistoric baby bottles contained, and using peptide analysis in children’s dental enamel to determine their sex. In the spirit of the Cluster of Excellence ROOTS, this talk will aim to focus on how changing environments may influence strategies of mothering and childrearing.

For more information and the videoconference link, please contact the CRC1266 at office@sfb1266.uni-kiel.de or the ROOTS office at office@roots.uni-kiel.de

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Biweekly Colloquium: The (Re)Shaping of Pompeii in the Early Imperial Period: New insights from the Porta Stabia neighbourhood (Steven Ellis)

May 31, 2021 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual

CRC 1266/ROOTS Biweekly Colloquium: 

"The (Re)Shaping of Pompeii in the Early Imperial Period: New insights from the Porta Stabia neighbourhood" (Steven Hellis, University of Cincinnati)

EllisAbstract:

Much is already well known about the urban shape of Pompeii by the time of its destruction in 79 CE.  And though good inroads have been made into the various developments over time that brought it to this shape, still not all of these readings benefit from the sub-soil excavations of more recent years that have targeted the episodic growth spurts of the city.  This lecture draws on some recent excavations at Pompeii to show the extent to which some of the most pivotal changes to the city occurred in the early Imperial period.  These excavations, under the auspices of the University of Cincinnati and the American Academy in Rome, targeted two town blocks of the city, as well as several adjacent, civic structures (the fortification wall and gate, the streets, and the Quadriporticus); the excavations covered more than ten separate building plots (c. 4000m2) made up of shops, houses, and hospitality establishments. This ‘behind-the-scenes’ view of some of the latest excavations at Pompeii opens up an entirely new perspective on the city, with a special focus on the developments that reshaped the city - both socially and structurally - in the early Imperial period.

For more information and the videoconference link, please contact the CRC1266 at office@sfb1266.uni-kiel.de or the ROOTS office at office@roots.uni-kiel.de

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Ellis

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Biweekly Colloquium: Animated stones and animal sacrifices in the highlands of Odisha (India): environment as socio-cosmic order (Roland Hardenberg)

May 10, 2021 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual

CRC 1266/ROOTS Biweekly Colloquium: 

"Animated stones and animal sacrifices in the highlands of Odisha (India): environment as socio-cosmic order" (Roland Hardenberg, Goethe Universität Frankfurt)

Abstract:

This presentation focuses on the ritual practices of swidden cultivators in the highlands of Odisha (India) called Dongria Kond, who are recognised as one of the many tribal societies and original inhabitants (“Adivasi”) of this area. Like other Kond tribes, they regularly practice large scale buffalo sacrifices to their earth goddess, who is represented by a stone setting in the center of each village. The earth goddess is regarded as the mother of the Kond and is responsible for their well-being. However, she is only one of the many deities and spiritual beings who according to the Kond populate their environment. The sun and the moon, the wind and the rain, mountains and hills, plants and animals, forests and rivers – the whole socio-cosmic space is, in the view of the Kond, populated by various powers with whom they maintain relationships. Ritual practices such as the buffalo sacrifices are major occasions when these relationships are activated and maintained through communication, possession and the sacrifice of animals and food. Some of these divine actors are represented by stones of varying sizes, including large megaliths representing the husband of the earth goddess. The presentation will particularly focus on the nexus between stones, deities, social categories, sacrificial offerings, and local notions of well-being.

For more information and the videoconference link, please contact the CRC1266 at office@sfb1266.uni-kiel.de or the ROOTS office at office@roots.uni-kiel.de

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Biweekly Colloquium: Social change and textile technology: a comparative perspective on the Aegean, Italy, and central Europe during the first millennium BC (Bela Dimova)

Apr 26, 2021 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

CRC 1266/ROOTS Biweekly Colloquium: 

"Social change and textile technology: a comparative perspective on the Aegean, Italy, and central Europe during the first millennium BC" (Bela Dimova, British School at Athens) 

Dimova

Abstract:

Social change and textile technology: a comparative perspective on the Aegean, Italy, and central Europe during the first millennium BC
This paper will explore the roles which textiles and textile technology played in periods of social change among different societies in the Aegean, the Italic peninsula, and central Europe. We will focus on two main themes: social stratification and the changing organisation of production. During the 8th–5th century BC, societies in different parts of Europe underwent parallel developments, including the increase in visible hierarchies and the growth of settlements, sometimes categorised as urban. The conspicuous consumption of textiles, played an important role in this process. Elites used textiles in different ways in key arenas of social competition – burials, weddings, religious activities. The archaeological record for this includes remains of cloth in burials, iconography of dress and furnishings, in addition to literary sources. We will explore the parallels and different regional traditions in the ways elites used textiles to assert and materialise local identities or wider connections, to show off wealth or demureness. The organisation of textile production offers another perspective on social change, by considering the issues of standardisation, specialisation, and the growing importance of exchange. While some aspects of textile manufacture changed (e.g., yarn manufacture), others did not. Despite the limited evidence for textile workshops, households remained important sites of production, which tells us something both about the nature of the craft and the socio-economic context in which it was practiced.

For more information and the videoconference link, please contact the CRC1266 at office@sfb1266.uni-kiel.de or the ROOTS office at office@roots.uni-kiel.de

Dimova
Source: Wikimedia

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Biweekly Colloquium: Landscape affordances - methodological approaches in computational archaeology (Michael Kempf)

Apr 12, 2021 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual

CRC 1266/ROOTS Biweekly Colloquium: 

"Landscape affordances - methodological approaches in computational archaeology" (Michael Kempf, Masaryk University)

Kempf

Abstract:

Functional landscape connectivity and spatial distribution of resource patches have long been considered important driving factors of human-environment interactions. In this context, human activity spheres, movement patterns, and situational decision-making represent the spatio-temporal expression of how individuals and groups perceive and transform their immediate surroundings in the process of landscape construction. This process is based on various environmental and cognitive variables such as group memory or individual demands and perceptions – a combination of different empirically, theoretically, and methodologically derived concepts, which are not often included jointly in archaeological and geographical research. A potential approach to overcome these limitations is the concept of landscape affordances, which entails dynamic and processual feedbacks of an individual or a group and the environment in the moment of mutual interaction and integrates human ingenuity in the production of landscapes, ecological processes, and sociocultural patterns. Deriving from psychology research of the late 1970’s by James J. Gibson, affordances describe the phenomena of propositions emanating from objects within a specific environment. Consequently, landscape affordances are non-static, actual, and potential confrontations between observer and particular resources or functions distributed among the accessible realm of the observer. In this lecture, the conceptual framework of landscape affordances is used to evaluate its potential in computational landscape archaeology and geography through the integration of different temporal scales and time-series analyses.

For more information and the videoconference link, please contact the CRC1266 at office@sfb1266.uni-kiel.de or the ROOTS office at office@roots.uni-kiel.de

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Making Sense of Scottish Neolithic Funerary Monuments and Practices”

Feb 08, 2021 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

Alison Sheridan National Museums Scotland

Making Sense of Scottish Neolithic Funerary Monumentsand Practices

Abstract:

Megalithic chamber tombs – of widely varying shape and size – and non-megalithic funerary monuments loom large in the visible traces of Scotland’s Neolithic, but they formed just one element in a diverse range of practices concerned with dealing with, relating to, and commemorating the dead. This lecture explores this diversity and draws out the regional and chronological trends that can now be discerned, thanks to our growing body of radiocarbon dates. It also attempts to understand the origins, meanings and significance of these funerary monuments, and to identify the ‘drivers’ for the specific trajectories of change that we see.

…………..
Mini-biog:
Dr Alison Sheridan recently retired, in 2019, as Principal Archaeological Research Curator in National Museums Scotland, Edinburgh, having worked there since 1987 after obtaining her doctorate on the Irish Neolithic from the University of Cambridge. Her research focuses on the Scottish Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age in their wider European context, and she specialises in pottery, stone axeheads, and jewellery of jet, faience and gold. She has been a member of several major national and international projects including the Beaker People Project and Projet JADE, and was the Principal Investigator on an AHRC-funded project to create a Research Network to formulate a Research Framework and Strategy for Chalcolithic and Bronze Age gold in Britain’s auriferous regions. She was the President of the Prehistoric Society 2010–2014, and was made a Corresponding Member of the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut in 2017, a Fellow of the British Academy in 2019 after winning the Academy’s Grahame Clark medal in 2018, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 2020. Most recently, last December she has presented the 2020 series of 6 lectures on Neolithic Scotland in honour of Alexander Henry Rhind for the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. You can view these on the Society’s Youtube channel.
 

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Domestication in Action – On the Archaeology of Human- Reindeer Interaction”

Jan 25, 2021 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

Anna-Kaisa Salmi University of Oulu

Domestication in Action – On the Archaeology of Human-Reindeer Interaction

The domestication of animals has traditionally been understood in terms of human control over the animal’s lives and the subsequent morphological, genetic and population structure change. However, this approach is not sufficient for understanding the domestication of the reindeer, or in fact, the early domestication processes of many other animal species. The commonly used domestication markers, such as morphological, genetic and population structure changes are not likely to reflect domestication in the reindeer as clearly as in many other species because of the limited and varying human influence on the reindeer’s life cycle in past reindeer pastoralism.

This presentation explores alternative ways to identify and understand reindeer domestication. Specifically, I will explore possibilities for tracing human-reindeer interactions such as draught reindeer use and reindeer feeding in the archaeological record as markers of domestication. Understanding domestication in the context on human-animal interaction is in line with current definition of animal domestication as a wide range of mutualistic relationship between human and animals. Furthermore, it allows a range of new archaeological techniques to be used as domestication markers. This lecture will present some the first archaeological results on past reindeer feeding and draught reindeer use, and their implications for human-reindeer relationships.

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Biweekly Colloquium: “The Lesser Grains. Millet Consumption in Prehistoric Italy”

Jan 11, 2021 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

Mary Anne Tafuri Sapienza University of Rome

The Lesser Grains. Millet Consumption in Prehistoric Italy

The application of biomolecular techniques for the study of food practices in prehistoric Europe has revealed an interesting complexity. This is particularly true for the Bronze Age, where the use of ‘alternative’ grains, such as millets, has been assessed isotopically through the measurement of stable carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) isotope ratios in human and animal bone collagen. Earliest evidence of C4 plants consumption comes from northern Italy, with the Po plain acting as a hotspot for the development of the farming of new crops. Isotopic data from Early, Middle and Late Bronze Age sites from western Veneto and Friuli will be discussed in the light of a recent reassessment of our understanding of prehistoric food practices in Italy. Data obtained contribute to the understanding of mode and tempo of the spread of new crops in the Peninsula, which might further call for a reconsideration of food production and consumption among Bronze Age groups of southern and central Europe.

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Dispersal 2.0: Population History and the Spread of Early Farming in Europe”

Dec 07, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

Marc Vander Linden University of Cambridge

Dispersal 2.0: Population History and the Spread of Early Farming in Europe

Despite extensive coverage in academic and popular media, the reports of the solution to the spread of farming have been greatly exaggerated. Namely, whilst recent aDNA research has indeed demonstrated the long-suggested link between population movement and the introduction of plant and animal domesticates across Europe, our understanding of how this process actually happened remains surprisingly limited. What factors were shaping the demographic expansion of this population? How much ecological and environmental parameters did influence this expansion and the known spatio-temporal in agricultural practices? To what extent local foraging communities were involved? This lecture will tackle some of these questions by focusing on the early Holocene sequence in the western Balkans and Adriatic basin, by discussing results gained from fieldwork, synthetic appraisal of museum collections and literature, and computational approaches undertaken as part of a recently completed ERC project.

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Dynamics and Communication of Prehistoric Societies in the Central Alpine Region. Concepts on Mobility, Networks and Transformation”

Nov 23, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

Mirco Brunner University of Bern

Dynamics and Communication of Prehistoric Societies in the Central Alpine Region. Concepts on Mobility, Networks and Transformation

Abstract coming soon.

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Uncovering the Archaeological Landscape of the Veluwe; Central Netherlands, through Remote Sensing, Data Science and Citizen Science”

Nov 09, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

Karsten Lambers Leiden University

Uncovering the Archaeological Landscape of the Veluwe; Central Netherlands, through Remote Sensing, Data Science and Citizen Science

This talk will provide an update on ongoing archaeological research on the Veluwe, one of the few densely forested areas in the Netherlands. While many archaeological traces are well preserved under the forest cover, they are also well hidden. In spite of decades of archaeological fieldwork by Leiden University and others, our image of the rich archaeological heritage of the Veluwe is still sketchy.

Two recently launched, interlinked research projects are currently expanding our knowledge considerably. Both approach the Veluwe from a regional perspective. In a data science project, called WODAN (Workflow for Object Detection of Archaeology in the Netherlands) we are developing a multi-class detector of archaeological objects in LiDAR data, the core of which is a Faster R-CNN (region-based convolutional neural network). This project has more than doubled the amount of known prehistoric burial mounds in the region, and has also allowed substantial progress in the study of Celtic fields and charcoal kilns. In a citizen science project, called Heritage Quest, hundreds of citizen researchers have been mapping the same three object categories in LiDAR data, and some of them are currently helping us to verify them in the field, which again expands the number of known archaeological objects considerably.

Both projects inform each other through the mutual proposal and cross-validation of potential archaeological objects. They also generate data that allow us to assess and compare the performance of experts, volunteers, and neural networks in the detection and mapping of archaeological objects.

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Biweekly Colloquium: "Connectivities of herding"

Jul 13, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.
The colloquium will take place virtually.

Prof. Dr. Cheryl Makarewicz (Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology, Kiel University): „Connectivities of herding“

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Biweekly Colloquium: „Outline of a Philosophy of Archaeology“

Jun 29, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.
The colloquium will take place virtually.

Prof. Dr. Konrad Ott (Department of Philosophy, Kiel University): „Outline of a Philosophy of Archaeology“

Abstract will follow.

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Biweekly Colloquium: „Transcontinental connectivities of hunter gatherers“

Jun 15, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.
The colloquium will take place virtually.

Prof. Dr. Henny Piezonka (Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology, Kiel University):
„Transcontinental connectivities of hunter gatherers“

Abstract will follow.

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Biweekly Colloquium: „Epidemics and Connectivities"

May 25, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.
The colloquium will take place virtually.

Prof. Dr. Ben Krause-Kyora (Institute of Clinical Molecular Biology, Kiel University): „Epidemics and Connectivities"

Abstract will follow.

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Biweekly Colloquium: „Hydrological hazards in the past - an Eastern Mediterranean narrative“

May 18, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.
The colloquium will take place virtually.

Prof. Dr. Ingmar Unkel (Institute for Ecosystem Research, Kiel University):
„Hydrological hazards in the past - an Eastern Mediterranean narrative“

Abstract will follow.

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Biweekly Colloquium: „Urbanity and Connectivities“

May 04, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

virtual meeting

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.
The colloquium will take place virtually.

Prof. Dr. Annette Haug (Institute of Classical Studies / Classical Archaeology, Kiel University): „Urbanity and Connectivities“

Abstract will follow.

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Words are not enough. Materiality of funerary rituals in Roman Pompeii”

Feb 10, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

Leibnizstr. 1, room 204

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.

Prof. William van Andringa, University of Lille, with a paper titled: “Words are not enough. Materiality of funerary rituals in Roman Pompeii”.

------------------------------- Today´s colloquium is cancelled ---------------------------------------

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Time and temporality: integrating new scientific chronologies into approaches to European prehistory”

Jan 13, 2020 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

Leibnizstr. 1, room 204

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.

Dr. Seren Griffiths, University of Central Lancashire, with a paper titled: “Time and temporality: integrating new scientific chronologies into approaches to European prehistory”.

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Manifestation of economy changes in the Middle Bronze Age Moravia”

Dec 09, 2019 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

Leibnizstr. 1, room 204

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.

Dr. Klára Šabatová, Masaryk University, with a paper titled:
“Manifestation of economy changes in the Middle Bronze Age Moravia.
The Middle Bronze Age (local 1600 - 1300 BC) is a transition period between the Early Bronze Age with its Neolithic tradition and the Urnfield period with the homogeneous-looking society. The objective of this paper is to present particular changes in the context. It will discuss the period based on the new radiocarbon data, the change of material of artefacts, the structural change in the Middle Bronze Age settlement - which is in Moravia represented by dispersed lowland sites, recurring structures of timber-framed and post hole houses - and the transformation of settlement features. The occurrence of hilltop settlements is still assumed only at the beginning and at the end of the Middle Bronze Age. We can see changes in crop husbandry and sufficient livestock breeding. From this point of view is the short time of the Middle Bronze Age a period of significant transition that is conditioned by economic prosperity. The question remains whether the increasing number of archaeological traces is related to real population growth or a change of the nature of the living culture."

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Mobility, territoriality and transformations in Northern Italy from the Bell Beaker period to the Terramare and Frattesina”

Nov 25, 2019 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

Leibnizstr. 1, room 204

ROOTS/CRC 1266 Biweekly Colloquium.

Dr. Claudio Cavazzuti, Museo delle Civiltà (Rome, Ministry of Culture), with a paper titled: “Mobility, territoriality and transformations in Northern Italy from the Bell Beaker period to the Terramare and Frattesina”.

Abstract

 

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Biweekly Colloquium: “Community structure of copper supply networks in the prehistoric Balkans: An independent evaluation of the archaeological record from the 7th to the 4th millennium BC” (Dr. Miljana Radivojević - University College London)

Jul 01, 2019 from 04:15 PM to 05:45 PM

Leibnizstr. 3, room 204

Dr. Miljana Radivojević • University College London“Community structure of copper supply networks in the prehistoric Balkans: An independent evaluation of the archaeological record from the 7th to the 4th millennium BC”

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