Archäologisches Kolloquium: Dr. Judith Thomalsky (Berlin), Proximity and discontinuity in the Neolithisation process in Iran

Apr 24, 2023 from 06:30 PM

Johanna-Mestorf-Str. 2–6 (Eingang 4, Erdgeschoss, R. 28), 24118 Kiel / hybrid*

Das Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte in Kiel lädt im Rahmen des Archäologischen Kolloquiums im Sommersemester 2023 zu folgenden Vorträgen mit anschließender Diskussion ein:

Dr. Judith Thomalsky, Berlin
"Proximity and discontinuity in the Neolithisation process in Iran"

The recent decade of archaeological research in the highlands of Iran provided important and very detailed information about the development towards sedentism and farming societies. Braidwood’s basic outline of a core area of neolithization along the »Zagros flanks« appears clearly supported though we can demonstrate a certain diversity in regard of time and reflection of specific steps towards the Neolithic way of life between 9500 – 7500 cal BC. In addition, important investigations came from a
re-evaluation program that is currently realized in the North Iran. Here, the »seven caves« in the Behshahr rocky limestone ranges, can be regarded as another »core area« where neolithization took place. Briefly examined by Carlton S. Coon in the early 1950ies, a team of the Tehran University undertakes archaeological soundings in Hotu Cave, Kamarband Cave, and they also continued substantial excavations in the vicinity of Komishani Cave. Occupation deposits at these sites start with the so-called Caspian Mesolithic and continue into the Pre-Pottery Neolithic, respectively from 15.000 – 8500/8000 cal BC, and the Pottery Neolithic (7000 – 5500 cal BC). All three sites exhibit
prominent »breaks« in the sequence in form of colluvial deposits followed by occupational gaps. The events of interruption coincide with remarkable periods of transition: 1) at the dawn of the Neolithic era, and 2) shortly before the first pottery appears in the region. The subsequent cultural development, in regard on the pottery production, then continued until the earlier Chalcolithic period (5th mill. cal BC), after which most of the sites were abandoned until a re-occupation during the Iron Age. In a rather hypothetical perspective, due to not yet well-defined data sets, we will discuss whether and how we can link these indices to possible climatic events and environmental impacts on the cultural developments but also, we try to reach out beyond the »Braidwood Zagros fringes«, towards adjacent North-eastern neighbours of the »Behshahr Neolithic«.

Dr. Judith Thomalsky Vortragsposter: here
Programm: here

*Die Zugangsdaten für die Vorträge werden wir Ihnen – rechtzeitig vor den jeweiligen
Veranstaltungen – auf unserer Homepage zur Verfügung stellen.

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